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12 Squadron (RAF) ( 158)

No 12 Squadron RFC was formed at Netheravon on 4th February 1915. From 1916 to 1918 it was employed in a ground support role. It was part of the Army of Occupation at the end of WWI and was then disbanded at Bickendorf, Germany in July 1922. It was re-formed at Northolt, Middlesex in April 1923 as a bomber squadron flying DH 9A's. In 1924 it received Fairey Fawn aircraft, and later these were replaced with Fairey Foxes. From October 1935 until August 1936 it was based at Aden to reinforce RAF Middle East Command. On returning to England it re-equipped with Hawker Hinds and was based at Andover, Hampshire, until May 1939, by which time it was equipped with Fairey Battles.

From May 1939 until the outbreak of WWII the squadron was based at Bicester, Oxfordshire, the moved to France in September of 1939. It was based at a number of airfields in France, successively Berry-au-Bac, Amifontaine, Echemines and Souge. It returned to England in July 1940. During its stay in France, the squadron formed part of the Advanced Air Striking Force. During the German invasion of Belgium and France in May 1940, the squadron attacked the German invading forces, principally by trying to destroy bridges which could be used by the invading forces. On one such attack, F/O D.E. Garland (pilot) and Sgt T. Gray (observer) attacked a bridge over the Albert Canal. They were shot down and perished, but their attack appeared to have been successful and they were both awarded posthumous Victoria Crosses, the first VCs awarded to the RAF in WWII. It was clear from the heavy losses of the Fairey Battle squadrons that the aircraft was hopelessly outclassed as an effective weapon of war.

After withdrawing from France, the squadron spent a month at Finningley, Yorkshire, before moving to Binbrook, Lincolnshire in early July 1940. It was used to attack shipping in the German-held Channel ports, where shipping was being collected for the invasion of Britain, operation SEALION. During the period August-September 1940 it operated from Thorney Island, Hampshire and Eastchurch, Kent: it returned to Binbrook in September 1940. In November, the squadron began to re-equip with Vickers Wellingtons. It now flew as part of No. 1 Group of Bomber Command in its strategic bombing of Germany. It remained at Binbrook from September 1940 to September 1942, with a short diversion to Thruxton in June-July 1942. In September 1942 the squadron settled into its final home of WWI, Wickenby in Lincolnshire, where it remained until September 1945, when it returned to Binbrook.

The squadron later continued to fly bomber aircraft, namely Avro Lincoln and English Electric Canberra before being disbanded in July 1961. It was later reinstated as part of the V-bomber force, flying Avro Vulcans.


Lieutenant
Prisoner of War
1918‑11‑10
R.E.8 (C2691)
Mount Union Penna, USA
Pilot Officer
Killed in Action
1944‑02‑25
Lancaster (JB540)
Saskatoon, Saskatchewan
Flight Sergeant
Killed in Action
1943‑04‑14
Lancaster (ED714)
Calgary, Alberta
Flying Officer
Killed in Action
1945‑01‑16
Lancaster (LM213)
Victoria, British Columbia
Flight Sergeant
Killed in Action
1943‑04‑14
Lancaster (ED714)
Yarmouth, Massachusetts, USA
Pilot Officer
Killed in Action
1945‑03‑16
Lancaster (RF188)
East Greenfield, Quebec
Flying Officer
Killed in Action
1945‑04‑05
Lancaster (RF182)
Whitton, Middlesex, England
Pilot Officer
Killed in Action
1944‑03‑24
Lancaster (ND439)
St Laurent, Quebec
Flight Sergeant
Interned Prisoner
1944‑01‑06
Lancaster (ND324)
 
Flight Sergeant
Killed in Action
1945‑04‑05
Lancaster (RF182)
Leeds, Yorkshire, England
Pilot Officer
Killed in Action
1945‑03‑16
Lancaster (RF181)
Langham, Saskatchewan
Pilot Officer
Killed in Action
1944‑08‑13
Lancaster (PB247)
Ottawa, Ontario
Flying Officer
Interned Prisoner
1944‑01‑06
Lancaster (ND324)
 
Flight Sergeant
Killed in Action
1943‑01‑23
Lancaster (ED386)
Toronto, Ontario (parents)
Flight Lieutenant
Killed in Action
1944‑03‑31
Lancaster (ND441)
Brandon, Manitoba (parents)
Flight Sergeant
Killed in Action
1942‑09‑06
Wellington (BJ691)
Ottawa, Ontario (parents)
Sergeant
Killed in Action
1941‑02‑08
Wellington (W5365)
Sidney, British Columbia (parents)
Sergeant
Killed in Action
1941‑10‑11
Wellington (W5379)
Woodstock, Ontario
Flight Lieutenant
Prisoner of War
1940‑05‑14
Battle (L4952)
Seimens, Saskatchewan
Sergeant
Killed in Action
1941‑08‑31
Wellington (W5577)
Sarnia, Ontario
Flying Officer
Prisoner of War
1945‑03‑16
Lancaster (PD275)
 
Flight Lieutenant
Killed in Action
1944‑10‑14
Lancaster (NF928)
Welwyn, Saskatchewan
Flying Officer
Killed in Action
1945‑02‑07
Lancaster (NF925)
Webb, Saskatchewan
Pilot Officer
Killed in Action
1944‑07‑29
Lancaster (ND699)
Brandon, Manitoba (parents)
Flight Sergeant
Killed in Action
1943‑07‑04
Lancaster (ED820)
Richard, Saskatchewan
Pilot Officer
Killed in Action
1942‑04‑10
Wellington (W5570)
Windsor, Ontario (parents)
Flight Sergeant
Killed in Action
1943‑02‑27
Lancaster (W4792)
Toronto, Ontario (parents)
Sergeant
Killed in Action
1942‑04‑18
Wellington (Z8398)
Newfoundland
Flight Sergeant
Killed in Action
1943‑06‑12
Lancaster (W4791)
Luseland, Saskatchewan
Flight Lieutenant
Killed in Action
1945‑03‑16
Lancaster (PD275)
Niagara Falls, New York, USA
Captain, CAF
Survived
1920‑05‑17
 ()
Vancouver, B.C.
Flying Officer
Killed in Action
1944‑07‑29
Lancaster (LM107)
Owen Sound, Ontario
Flight Sergeant
Killed in Action
1942‑03‑26
Wellington (W5372)
Moose Jaw, Saskatchewan
Flight Sergeant
Killed in Action
1941‑10‑11
Wellington (Z8397)
Niagara Falls, New York, USA
Flight Sergeant
Killed in Action
1942‑09‑07
Wellington (Z8517)
Regina, Saskatchewan
Pilot Officer
Killed in Action
1945‑01‑08
Lancaster (PB851)
Toronto, Ontario
Pilot Officer
Prisoner of War
1943‑01‑18
Lancaster (W4368)
Winnipeg, Manitoba
Pilot Officer
Killed in Action
1944‑06‑24
Lancaster (ND528)
Brantford, Ontario
Flight Sergeant
Killed in Action
1942‑09‑30
Wellington (BJ964)
Inverness, Nova Scotia
Flying Officer
Killed in Action
1945‑01‑16
Lancaster (NN712)
Edmonton, Alberta
Flying Officer
Killed in Action
1944‑07‑29
Lancaster (LM107)
Edmonton, Alberta
Flight Sergeant
Prisoner of War
1943‑11‑03
Lancaster (DV218)
Spalding, Saskatchewan
Flying Officer
Killed in Action
1944‑10‑14
Lancaster (LL909)
Vancouver, British Columbia
Pilot Officer
Killed in Action
1944‑02‑20
Lancaster (ND410)
Cobalt, Ontario
Pilot Officer
Killed in Action
1945‑01‑16
Lancaster (LM213)
Courtright, Ontario
Warrant Officer
Prisoner of War
1942‑01‑21
Wellington (Z8370)
 
Flying Officer
Killed in Action
1945‑01‑14
Lancaster (LM714)
Capilano, British Columbia
Pilot Officer
Killed in Action
1945‑01‑08
Lancaster (PB851)
Peterborough, Ontario
Pilot Officer
Killed in Action
1944‑07‑21
Lancaster (LM106)
Belle Plaine, Saskatchewan
Flight Lieutenant
Killed in Action
1944‑12‑12
Lancaster (ND342)
Toronto, Ontario
Flight Sergeant
Killed in Action
1942‑07‑22
Wellington (Z8420)
Beamsville, Ontario
Flight Sergeant
Prisoner of War
1944‑02‑16
Lancaster (ND404)
 
Pilot Officer
Killed in Action
1944‑03‑16
Lancaster (ND447)
Winnipeg, Manitoba
Flying Officer
Killed in Action
1945‑01‑08
Lancaster (PB851)
Kerrobert, Saskatchewan
Sergeant
Killed in Action
1945‑03‑16
Lancaster (PD275)
Luton, Bedfordshire, England
Pilot Officer
Prisoner of War
1944‑08‑13
Lancaster (PB247)
 
Flying Officer
Killed in Action
1943‑07‑04
Lancaster (ED820)
Waterford, Ontario
Flying Officer
Prisoner of War
1945‑03‑16
Lancaster (RF188)
 
Sergeant
Prisoner of War
1945‑01‑16
Lancaster (LM213)
Winnipeg, Manitoba
Flight Sergeant
Prisoner of War
1945‑03‑17
Lancaster (RF188)
 
Flying Officer
Killed in Action
1944‑06‑24
Lancaster (ND528)
North Bay, Ontario
Lieutenant
Killed in Action
1918‑09‑03
R.E.8 (B7888)
Enfield, Middlesex, England
Pilot Officer
Killed in Action
1944‑07‑01
Lancaster (ND842)
Hamilton, Ontario
Flight Sergeant
Killed in Action
1943‑08‑28
Lancaster (DV187)
Port Arthur, Ontario
Warrant Officer 2nd Class
Killed in Action
1943‑02‑27
Lancaster (W4792)
Wolseley, Saskatchewan
Flying Officer
Killed in Action
1945‑01‑16
Lancaster (LM213)
Shaughnessy, Alberta
Flying Officer
Killed in Action
1945‑03‑16
Lancaster (PD275)
Huntsville, Ontario
Flight Lieutenant
Killed in Action
1945‑04‑05
Lancaster (RF182)
Langham, Saskatchewan
Flight Lieutenant
Interned Prisoner
1944‑01‑06
Lancaster (ND324)
Langham, Saskatchewan
Flying Officer
Killed in Action
1944‑03‑31
Lancaster (ND441)
Neudorf, Saskatchewan
Flight Sergeant
Killed in Action
1942‑08‑01
Wellington (Z8499)
Saltcoats, Saskatchewan
Warrant Officer 2nd Class
Prisoner of War
1941‑10‑13
Wellington (W5552)
Toronto, Ontario
Pilot Officer
Killed in Action
1945‑01‑16
Lancaster (LM213)
Dundas, Ontario
Warrant Officer 2nd Class
Prisoner of War
1942‑02‑26
Wellington (Z8410)
Walpole, Massachusetts, USA
Flight Sergeant
Killed in Action
1942‑03‑26
Wellington (W5371)
Ninette, Manitoba
Flying Officer
Killed in Action
1945‑03‑16
Lancaster (RF188)
Medicine Hat, Alberta
Pilot Officer
Killed in Action
1944‑07‑21
Lancaster (LM106)
Sydney, Nova Scotia
Flying Officer
Killed in Action
1945‑02‑07
Lancaster (NF925)
Chesterville, Ontario
Pilot Officer
Killed in Action
1944‑04‑23
Lancaster (ND715)
Toronto, Ontario
Pilot Officer
Killed in Action
1945‑03‑16
Lancaster (PD275)
Cornwall, Ontario
Flight Sergeant
Killed in Action
1942‑07‑29
Wellington (W5424)
Winnipeg, Manitoba
Pilot Officer
Killed in Action
1944‑02‑20
Lancaster (JB609)
Victoria, British Columbia
Warrant Officer 2nd Class
Killed in Action
1943‑10‑09
Lancaster (JB406)
Vancouver, British Columbia
Flight Lieutenant
Prisoner of War
1941‑09‑08
Wellington (W5598)
 
Pilot Officer
Killed in Action
1944‑03‑31
Lancaster (ND562)
Toronto, Ontario
Flight Sergeant
Prisoner of War
1943‑04‑17
Lancaster (W4366)
Pilot Mound, Manitoba
Sergeant
Killed in Action
1945‑03‑16
Lancaster (PD275)
Saltcoats, Ayrshire, Scotland
Flight Sergeant
Killed in Action
1942‑03‑09
Wellington (Z8409)
St Paul, Minnesota, USA
Pilot Officer
Killed in Action
1944‑01‑14
Lancaster (JB542)
Hearne, Saskatchewan
Flying Officer
Killed in Action
1945‑04‑05
Lancaster (RF182)
Vancouver, British Columbia
Flight Lieutenant
Interned Prisoner
1944‑01‑06
Lancaster (ND324)
Vancouver, British Columbia
Flight Sergeant
Killed in Action
1942‑05‑30
Wellington (Z8598)
Ottawa, Ontario
Pilot Officer
Killed in Action
1944‑08‑13
Lancaster (PB247)
St John's, Newfoundland
Pilot Officer
Killed in Action
1944‑03‑31
Lancaster (ND562)
St Boniface, Manitoba
Flying Officer
Killed in Action
1944‑07‑01
Lancaster (JB462)
Toronto, Ontario
Flight Sergeant
Prisoner of War
1944‑01‑28
Lancaster (JB358)
Winnipeg, Manitoba
Flying Officer
Prisoner of War
1945‑01‑14
Lancaster (LM714)
Sarnia, Ontario
Sergeant
Killed in Action
1944‑08‑27
Lancaster (LM225)
Lewisporte, Newfoundland
Flying Officer
Prisoner of War
1944‑02‑16
Lancaster (ND404)
 
Flight Sergeant
Killed in Action
1942‑01‑10
Wellington (W5611)
Longueuil, Quebec
Warrant Officer 2nd Class
Prisoner of War
1942‑10‑14
Wellington (BJ653)
Toronto, Ontario
Pilot Officer
Killed in Action
1944‑12‑12
Lancaster (ND342)
Ottawa, Ontario
Flight Lieutenant
Prisoner of War
1941‑09‑08
Wellington (Z8328)
 
Pilot Officer
Killed in Action
1944‑03‑31
Lancaster (ND441)
Toronto, Ontario
Flight Sergeant
Killed in Action
1943‑11‑23
Lancaster (JB537)
Saunders, Alberta
Warrant Officer
Prisoner of War
1943‑06‑12
Lancaster (ED357)
Toronto, Ontario
Sergeant
Killed in Action
1943‑12‑29
Lancaster (JB407)
Arborg, Manitoba
Pilot Officer
Killed in Action
1944‑06‑24
Lancaster (ND528)
McConnell, Manitoba
Pilot Officer
Killed in Action
1942‑06‑18
Wellington (W5381)
Vancouver, British Columbia
Flying Officer
Killed in Action
1944‑04‑10
Lancaster (JB709)
Quesnel, British Columbia
Pilot Officer
Killed in Action
1945‑03‑16
Lancaster (RF188)
Edmonton, Alberta
Flying Officer
Prisoner of War
1944‑10‑14
Lancaster (LL909)
Saskatoon, Saskatchewan
Flying Officer
Killed in Action
1945‑01‑14
Lancaster (LM714)
Winnipeg, Manitoba
Flight Sergeant
Killed in Action
1943‑06‑25
Lancaster (ED968)
Bright, Ontario
Flight Sergeant
Killed in Action
1942‑10‑15
Wellington (BJ606)
Leith, Scotland
Pilot Officer
Killed in Action
1944‑05‑28
Lancaster (ND679)
Toronto, Ontario
Flight Sergeant
Killed in Action
1943‑05‑14
Lancaster (W4366)
Tamworth, Ontario
Warrant Officer 1st Class
Prisoner of War
1943‑01‑18
Lancaster (W4368)
London, Ontario
Flying Officer
Killed in Action
1944‑04‑10
Lancaster (JB709)
Toronto, Ontario
Flight Sergeant
Killed in Action
1942‑05‑09
Wellington (W5574)
Toronto, Ontario
Flight Sergeant
Killed in Action
1943‑07‑10
Lancaster (DV164)
Winnipeg, Manitoba
Pilot Officer
Prisoner of War
1944‑03‑25
Lancaster (ND650)
 
Flight Sergeant
Killed in Action
1943‑06‑18
Lancaster (W4374)
Oshawa, Ontario
Flying Officer
Prisoner of War
1944‑05‑23
Lancaster (NE134)
 
Pilot Officer
Killed in Action
1944‑07‑01
Lancaster (JB462)
Saskatoon, Saskatchewan
Flight Lieutenant 
Killed in Action
1945‑04‑05
Lancaster (RF182)
Toronto, Ontario
Flight Sergeant
Killed in Action
1943‑06‑25
Lancaster (ED968)
Athabasca, Alberta
Flight Lieutenant
Killed in Action
1945‑02‑07
Lancaster (NF925)
Dundas, Ontario
Warrant Officer Class I
Prisoner of War
1944‑06‑28
Lancaster (ND424)
 
Flight Sergeant
Killed in Action
1943‑08‑03
Lancaster (DV224)
High River, Alberta
Warrant Officer 2nd Class
Prisoner of War
1943‑06‑12
Lancaster (ED357)
Kirkland Lake, Ontario
Warrant Officer 2nd Class
Prisoner of War
1943‑05‑14
Lancaster (W4366)
Toronto, Ontario
Flying Officer
Prisoner of War
1945‑01‑16
Lancaster (NN712)
Toronto, Ontario
Flight Sergeant
Killed in Action
1942‑10‑12
Wellington (Z8532)
Montreal, Quebec
2nd-Lieutenant
Survived
1918‑10‑28
F.2 (Bristol) ()
 
Flight Sergeant
Killed in Action
1943‑10‑09
Lancaster (ED995)
Mulgrave, Nova Scotia
Flight Sergeant
Killed in Action
1942‑10‑25
Wellington (W5394)
Toronto, Ontario
Sergeant
Killed in Action
1944‑01‑06
Lancaster (JB357)
Montreal, Quebec
Warrant Officer 2nd Class
Prisoner of War
1942‑10‑09
Wellington (BJ780)
Port Carling, Ontario
Flight Lieutenant
Prisoner of War
1942‑07‑26
Wellington (Z8591)
 
Flight Sergeant
Killed in Action
1943‑11‑03
Lancaster (DV218)
Llandudno, North Wales
Flying Officer
Killed in Action
1943‑06‑29
Lancaster (EE195)
Truro, Nova Scotia
Warrant Officer 2nd Class
Prisoner of War
1942‑10‑09
Wellington (BJ780)
Turtleford, Saskatchewan
Flight Sergeant
Killed in Action
1942‑09‑30
Wellington (BJ964)
Coboconk, Ontario
Warrant Officer 2nd Class
Prisoner of War
1944‑01‑02
Lancaster (ND325)
Veregin, Saskatchewan
Pilot Officer
Killed in Action
1944‑07‑01
Lancaster (JB462)
Kitchener, Ontario
Flight Lieutenant
Killed in Action
1945‑01‑16
Lancaster (NN712)
Lancaster, Ontario
Flight Sergeant
Killed in Action
1942‑10‑25
Wellington (W5394)
Mannville, Alberta
Pilot Officer
Killed in Action
1945‑02‑07
Lancaster (NF925)
Batawa, Ontario
Flying Officer
Killed in Action
1944‑08‑11
Lancaster (JB716)
Toronto, Ontario
Pilot Officer
Killed in Action
1945‑03‑16
Lancaster (PD275)
Kilnhurst, Yorkshire, England
Pilot Officer
Killed in Action
1945‑02‑07
Lancaster (NF925)
Plymouth, Massachusetts, USA
Flying Officer
Killed in Action
1945‑04‑05
Lancaster (RF182)
Hampstead, London, England
Flying Officer
Interned Prisoner
1944‑01‑06
Lancaster (ND324)
Hampstead, London, England
Flight Sergeant
Killed in Action
1945‑04‑05
Lancaster (RF182)
Camberwell, London, England
Flight Sergeant
Interned Prisoner
1944‑01‑06
Lancaster (ND324)
 
Pilot Officer
Killed in Action
1944‑06‑24
Lancaster (ND528)
Vancouver, British Columbia
Flight Sergeant
Killed in Action
1942‑10‑12
Wellington (Z8532)
Duluth, Minnesota, USA

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