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404 "Buffalo" Squadron (RCAF)

Ready to Fight - King George VI, March 1943
Adopted By: Business group in Toronto, ON

History of the Squadron during World War II (Aircraft: Blenheim IV, Beaufighter IIF, XC, XIC, Mosquito PR Mk VIC)

The squadron formed as the RCAF’s second, and first coastal, squadron formed overseas in WWII. It was a Coastal Fighter unit, formed at Thorney Island, Hampshire, UK in April 1941 as part of No 16 Group of RAF Fighter Command. Shortly after its formation, it moved to Scotland, where it spent most of the war, as part of No 18 Group Coastal Command. Initially the squadron was equipped with Bristol Blenheim Mk IV aircraft (unit code was EE). Its function was to attack enemy shipping along the Dutch and Norwegian coasts, and also later to provide long-range fighter cover for Coastal Command aircraft operating over the Bay of Biscay. The squadron flew from Castletown and Skitten, in Caithness, Scotland between July and October 1941, before moving to Dyce, Aberdeenshire, until December. In October “B” Flight of the squadron was based at Sumburgh in the Shetland Islands, and the remainder of the squadron joined them in December 1941. They were there until March 1942, when they moved to Dyce until August, when they returned to Sumburgh for 6 weeks. Then it was back to Dyce again until January of 1943. In September 1942 the squadron had re-equipped with Bristol Beaufighter IIF aircraft. In January 1943 the squadron moved to Chivenor in Devon as part of No 18 Group, and flew from there until they moved back to Scotland in April 1943, this time briefly based in Tain, Ross-shire before settling at Wick, where they remained until May 1944. From March to December 1943 they flew Beaufighters Mk XIC and then from September 1943 they flew the Mk XC. In early May 1944 the squadron moved to Davidstow Moor, Cornwall to assist with the D-Day landings. On the afternoon of D-Day itself, the squadron was involved in an action against 3 German destroyers which sought to intrude in the invasion fleet. They were equipped with rocket-firing Beaufighters and were part of a strike force that sank all three of the enemy ships. At the end of June 1944 they moved to Strubby, Lincolnshire, as part of No 16 Group, before returning to Scotland. This time they had a short stay at Banff, before moving to Dallachy, Moray, where they remained until April 1945 as part of the Dallachy Wing. They returned to Banff and were re-equipped with de Havilland Mosquito PR MK VIC aircraft, which flew as part of the Banff Wing . The squadron was disbanded there in May 1945.

In the course of hostilities, the squadron flew some 3144 sorties, for the loss of 35 aircraft and 79 aircrew, of whom 77 were killed or missing. They were credited with destroying 8 aircraft, with 6 probables and 10 damaged. They dropped 32 tons of bombs on ships, 319 18-inch torpedoes and 1602 25-pound rockets, and were credited with 4 vessels sunk, 4 damaged, and had a share in 37 ships sunk and 14 damaged. They also shared in damaging 3 U-boats. The squadron members were awarded 2 DSOs, 45 DFCs, 3 Bars to DFC, 3 DFMs, 1 GM and 19 MiDs. Battle Honours were: Atlantic 1941–45, English Channel and North Sea, 1941–45, Baltic 1944–45, Normandy 1944, Biscay 1943–44. Wikipedia, Kostenuk and Griffin

Maps for Movements of 404 Squadron 1941-45

MAP 1: 404 Squadron Movements 1941-45 (right-click on image to display enlarged in new tab)
MAP 2: 404 Squadron Movements in Scotland 1941-45: Detail of Map 1

404 Sqn History Summary 1941-45

404 Sqn History Summary 1941-45 Page 2

History of the Squadron Post-WWII (Aircraft: Lancaster X, Neptune, Argus I & II, Aurora)

The squadron was re-formed as No. 404 (Maritime Reconnaissance) Squadron at Greenwood, Nova Scotia on 30 April 1951, flying Avro Lancaster Mk. X aircraft. It was re-designated No 404 (Maritime Patrol) on 17 July 1956. The squadron was the second of four formed in Maritime Air Command, and flew on East Coast maritime duty. The aircraft used were Lancaster X until 1955, then Lockheed Neptune until 1960, then Canadair CP-107 Argus. On 1 February 1968 the squadron was integrated into the Canadian Armed Forces. Once the CP-140 Aurora aircraft became available, the squadron was designated 404 Maritime Patrol and Training Squadron. The current title is 404 Long Range Patrol and Training (LRP&T) Squadron, and it serves as the Operational Training Unit (OTU) for Aircrew and Maintenance personnel who work on the CP140 Aurora. It remains based at Greenwood, NS.

General Government of Canada RCAF Website

Loading... loading (108) personnel records
Nationality ⬆⬇
Name ⬆⬇
WarStatus ⬆⬇
EventDate ⬆⬇
Aircraft ⬆⬇
 
Serial ⬆⬇
Flight Lieutenant
KIA
1944‑05‑06
Beaufighter
T.F.X
LZ446
Warrant Officer 2nd Class
KIA
1943‑10‑14
Beaufighter
T.F.X
LZ190
Flying Officer
KIA
1945‑03‑24
Beaufighter
T.F. Mk. XC
NE399
Squadron Leader
Missing
1965‑03‑23
Argus
2
20727
Flying Officer
KIA
1944‑03‑23
Beaufighter
T.F.X
LZ177
Pilot Officer
KIA
1944‑08‑12
Beaufighter
T.F.X
LZ441
Sergeant
KIA
1941‑10‑19
Blenheim
Ivf
Z5753
Flying Officer
PoW
1944‑09‑14
Beaufighter
TFX
NE341
Pilot Officer
KIA
1945‑02‑09
Beaufighter
TFX
NE761
Pilot Officer
KIA
1945‑02‑09
Beaufighter
T.F. Mk. XC
NT922
Flying Officer
KIA
1944‑07‑07
Beaufighter
T.F. Mk. XC
NE744
Sergeant
KIA
1942‑06‑12
Blenheim
IV
Z6175
Flight Sergeant
KIA
1942‑02‑21
Blenheim
Mk. IV
V5433
Sergeant
KIA
1942‑06‑16
Blenheim
Mk. lV
V5765
Corporal
KIFA
1953‑10‑09
Lancaster
MK.X
FM115
Sergeant
Missing
1965‑03‑23
Argus
2
20727
Squadron Leader
KIA
1945‑03‑24
Beaufighter
T.F. Mk. XC
NV428
Flight Lieutenant
KIFA
1962‑09‑21
Expeditor
Mk. 3TM
1558
Flying Officer
KIA
1945‑02‑09
Beaufighter
TFX
NT890
Flying Officer
Missing
1965‑03‑23
Argus
2
20727
Corporal
KIA
1944‑07‑07
Beaufighter
T.F. Mk. XC
NE744
Flying Officer
KIA
1944‑12‑09
Beaufighter
T.F. Mk. XC
NV173
Flying Officer
Missing
1965‑03‑23
Argus
2
20727
Flight Sergeant
KIA
1943‑08‑04
Beaufighter
Mk. XIC
JM130
Sergeant
KIA
1941‑09‑02
Blenheim
Mk. lV
L9394
Flying Officer
KIA
1944‑10‑02
Beaufighter
T.F.X
LZ189
Flying Officer
KIA
1944‑01‑16
Beaufighter
T.F.X
LZ296
Flying Officer
KIA
1944‑03‑30
Beaufighter
T.F.X
LZ314
Flying Officer
KIA
1944‑01‑26
Beaufighter
T.F. Mk. XC
NE318
Pilot Officer
KIA
1945‑02‑09
Beaufighter
TFX
RD136
Pilot Officer
KIA
1941‑11‑15
Blenheim
Mk. IV
P4845
Sergeant
KIA
1942‑12‑07
Beaufighter
Mk. IIF
V8211
Pilot Officer
KIA
1942‑12‑07
Beaufighter
Mk. IIF
V8211
Corporal
Killed
1943‑09‑17
 
 
 
Flying Officer
KIA
1943‑03‑28
Beaufighter
Mk. IIF
T3155
Leading Aircraftman
KIFA
1953‑04‑20
Lancaster
Mk.X
KB966
Flying Officer
KIA
1943‑05‑01
Beaufighter
Mk. XIC
JM124
Flying Officer
KIA
1944‑08‑08
Beaufighter
T.F. Mk. XC
NE354
Squadron Leader
KIA
1942‑05‑26
Blenheim
IV
Z6245
Flying Officer
KIA
1943‑12‑22
Beaufighter
T.F. Mk. XC
NE323
Flying Officer
KIFA
1952‑07‑22
Lancaster
MK.X
FM102
Leading Aircraftman
KIFA
1953‑10‑09
Lancaster
MK.X
FM115
Corporal
KIFA
1953‑10‑09
Lancaster
MK.X
FM115
Flying Officer
KIFA
1953‑04‑20
Lancaster
Mk.X
KB966
Squadron Leader
KIA
1944‑08‑26
Beaufighter
T.F. Mk. XC
NE198
Warrant Officer 1st Class
KIA
1944‑08‑12
Beaufighter
T.F.X
LZ441
Flight Lieutenant
Missing
1965‑03‑23
Argus
2
20727
Pilot Officer
KIA
1944‑01‑14
Beaufighter
T.F.X
LZ179
Flying Officer
KIFA
1952‑07‑22
Lancaster
MK.X
FM102
Pilot Officer
KIA
1945‑02‑09
Beaufighter
T.F. Mk. XC
NT922
Flight Sergeant
KIA
1942‑05‑26
Blenheim
IV
Z6245
Flying Officer
Missing
1965‑03‑23
Argus
2
20727
Flight Sergeant
KIFA
1967‑04‑27
Hercules 
C-130E-LM
10309
Flight Sergeant
Missing
1965‑03‑23
Argus
2
20727
Pilot Officer
KIFA
1943‑09‑03
Beaufighter
T.F.X
LZ175
Flying Officer
KIA
1944‑06‑28
Beaufighter
T.F.X
LZ176
Flight Sergeant
KIFA
1953‑10‑09
Lancaster
MK.X
FM115
Flying Officer
KIA
1945‑02‑09
Beaufighter
TFX
NV422
Flying Officer
Missing
1965‑03‑23
Argus
2
20727
Pilot Officer
KIA
1943‑07‑04
Beaufighter
 
JM133
Flight Sergeant
KIA
1941‑11‑01
Blenheim
Mk. IV
T1946
Flight Lieutenant
KIA
1944‑10‑02
Beaufighter
T.F.X
LZ444
Flying Officer
KIA
1943‑11‑17
Beaufighter
T.F.X
LZ289
Flying Officer
KIA
1945‑02‑09
Beaufighter
TFX
NV422
Flying Officer
KIFA
1952‑07‑22
Lancaster
MK.X
FM102
Flight Sergeant
KIA
1941‑11‑05
Blenheim
Mk. IV
L9337
Flying Officer
Missing
1965‑03‑23
Argus
2
20727
Sergeant
KIA
1942‑06‑16
Blenheim
Mk. lV
V5765
Flying Officer
KIFA
1952‑07‑22
Lancaster
MK.X
FM102
Flying Officer
KIA
1943‑11‑16
Beaufighter
T.F.X
LZ445
Flight Sergeant
KIA
1942‑05‑23
Blenheim
IV
Z6181
Flight Lieutenant
KIA
1943‑12‑22
Beaufighter
T.F.X
LZ452
Pilot Officer
KIA
1945‑02‑09
Beaufighter
TFX
NE761
Flying Officer
KIFA
1952‑07‑22
Lancaster
MK.X
FM102
Flight Sergeant
KIA
1942‑02‑21
Blenheim
Mk. IV
V5433
Pilot Officer
KIA
1945‑03‑24
Beaufighter
T.F. Mk. XC
NE399
Pilot Officer
KIA
1942‑10‑06
Blenheim
Mk. IV
T1949
Flying Officer
Missing
1965‑03‑23
Argus
2
20727
Flying Officer
KIFA
1953‑10‑09
Lancaster
MK.X
FM115
Flight Lieutenant
Missing
1965‑03‑23
Argus
2
20727
Flying Officer
KIA
1944‑05‑06
Beaufighter
T.F.X
LZ446
Warrant Officer 1st Class
KIA
1943‑10‑14
Beaufighter
T.F.X
LZ190
Flying Officer
Missing
1965‑03‑23
Argus
2
20727
Warrant Officer 2nd Class
KIA
1943‑08‑04
Beaufighter
Mk. XIC
JM130
Flight Lieutenant
KIA
1945‑03‑08
Beaufighter
T.F. Mk. XC
NV427
Flying Officer
KIA
1944‑08‑08
Beaufighter
T.F. Mk. XC
NE354
Flying Officer
KIA
1944‑10‑02
Beaufighter
T.F.X
LZ189
Flight Lieutenant
KIA
1944‑03‑30
Beaufighter
T.F.X
LZ314
Flying Officer
KIA
1943‑07‑04
Beaufighter
 
JM133
Warrant Officer 2nd Class
KIFA
1943‑09‑03
Beaufighter
T.F.X
LZ175
Flying Officer
KIA
1945‑02‑09
Beaufighter
TFX
NT890
Pilot Officer
KIA
1944‑12‑09
Beaufighter
T.F. Mk. XC
NV173
Corporal
KIFA
1952‑07‑22
Lancaster
MK.X
FM102
Flying Officer
KIA
1945‑02‑09
Beaufighter
TFX
RD136
Flight Lieutenant
Missing
1965‑03‑23
Argus
2
20727
Pilot Officer
KIA
1944‑06‑28
Beaufighter
T.F.X
LZ176
Flying Officer
KIA
1944‑10‑02
Beaufighter
T.F.X
LZ444
Flight Lieutenant
KIA
1944‑09‑14
Beaufighter
TFX
NE341
Pilot Officer
KIA
1942‑12‑05
Beaufighter
Mk. IIF
V8157
Flight Lieutenant
Missing
1965‑03‑23
Argus
2
20727
Pilot Officer
KIA
1942‑05‑23
Blenheim
IV
Z6181
Flying Officer
KIA
1943‑12‑08
Beaufighter
T.F.X
LZ403
Flying Officer
KIA
1945‑03‑06
Beaufighter
 
RD242
Pilot Officer
KIA
1945‑03‑06
Beaufighter
 
RD242
Flying Officer
KIA
1944‑01‑14
Beaufighter
T.F.X
LZ173
Flying Officer
Missing
1965‑03‑23
Argus
2
20727
Wing Commander
PoW
1944‑03‑30
Beaufighter
T.F.X
LZ297
Flying Officer
KIA
1943‑05‑01
Beaufighter
Mk. XIC
JM124

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