Canadian Warplane Heritage Museum logo

421 "Red Indian" Squadron (RCAF)

Bellicum Cecinere - King George VI, September 1944
Adopted By: McColl-Frontenac Oil Company of Canada

History of the Squadron during World War II (Aircraft: Spitfire VA, VB, IX, IXB, XVI)

The squadron was the 20th squadron and the last of the eight Fighter squadrons formed overseas by the RCAF in WWII. It was initiated at Digby, Lincolnshire, England on April 9, 1942, It flew on defensive operations over Britain, as well as offensive operations over Europe, before D-Day. After the invasion, the squadron moved to France on 16 June 1944 and thereafter provided air and ground support to the Allied ground forces as they moved through France, the Low Countries and Germany. The squadron was disbanded at Utersen, Germany on July 10, 1945.

In the course of its operations, the squadron flew some 10,900 sorties and claimed 79 enemy aircraft destroyed, 2 probables and 27 damaged, for the loss of 34 aircraft and 33 pilots, of whom 4 were killed, 25 missing and 4 injured. The squadron had 2 aces, Squadron Leader R.W McNair, DFC and 2 Bars, and Flight Lieutenant P.G. Johnson. The squadron members were awarded 1 second Bar to DFC, 2 Bars to DFC and 5 DFCs. Battle Honours were: Defence of Britain 1942-43, Fortress Europe 1942-44, France and Germany 1944-45, Normandy 1944, Arnhem, RhineWikipedia, Kostenuk and Griffin

Maps for Movements of 421 Squadron 1942-45

MAP 1: 421 Squadron Movements in England 1942-44 (right-click on image to display enlarged in new tab)
MAP 2: 421 Squadron Movements, detail of Map 1
MAP 3: 421 Squadron Movements in Europe 1944-45

421 Squadron History Summary 1942-45

421Squadron History Summary 1942-45 Page 2

421 Squadron History Summary 1942-45 Page 3

History of the Squadron Post-WWII (Aircraft: Vampire III, 5, Meteor T7, Sabre 2, 5, 6, Starfighter)

The squadron was re-formed as a Fighter unit at Chatham, New Brunswick on 15 September 1949, flying de Havilland Vampire III aircraft and, during 1951, was stationed in the United Kingdom for operational training with the Royal Air Force, flying Gloster Meteor T Mk. 7 training aircraft. In December 1951 it was re-equipped with Sabre aircraft and in October 1952 joined No. 2 (Fighter) Wing at Grostenquin, France . Selected as one of eight Sabre squadrons in No. 1 Air Division Europe to be re-equipped with CF-104 Starfighter aircraft for a nuclear strike role, the squadron was deactivated on 1 August 1963 and was reactivated as Strike Attack on 21 December. When No. 2 Wing was disbanded in February 1964, the squadron joined No. 4 Wing at Baden-Soellingen, Germany . On 1 February 1968 the squadron was integrated into the Canadian Armed Forces. It was redesignated '421 Tactical Fighter Squadron' on 1 January 1972. The squadron was finally disbanded 31 August 1992, as a result of the ending of the Cold War.

Loading... loading (52) personnel records
Nationality ⬆⬇
Name ⬆⬇
WarStatus ⬆⬇
EventDate ⬆⬇
Aircraft ⬆⬇
 
Serial ⬆⬇
Pilot Officer
KIA
1943‑01‑24
Spitfire
Mk Vb
EP202
Squadron Leader
KIA
1943‑06‑17
Spitfire
Mk IX
LZ996
Flight Lieutenant
PoW
1944‑06‑27
Spitfire
LF Mk IX
MK969
Pilot Officer
KIA
1945‑01‑21
Spitfire
LF Mk XVI
SM201
Captain
KIFA
1969‑07‑25
Starfighter
CF-104
12877
Flying Officer
KIA
1944‑07‑25
Spitfire
LF Mk IX
MJ987
Flight Lieutenant
KIA
1944‑06‑13
Spitfire
LF Mk IX
NH415
Flying Officer
KIFA
1953‑06‑09
Sabre
2
19365
Major
KIFA
1977‑11‑16
Starfighter
CF-104
12775
Flying Officer
KIA
1944‑06‑15
Spitfire
LF Mk IX
MK941
Captain
KIFA
1977‑03‑04
Starfighter
CF-104D Mk 2
12656
Flight Lieutenant
PoW
1944‑05‑21
Spitfire
LF Mk IX
MJ928
Flight Sergeant
KIA
1942‑11‑08
Spitfire
Mk Vb
BL896
Flight Lieutenant
KIA
1944‑06‑07
Spitfire
LF Mk IX
MJ554
Flying Officer
Died
1944‑11‑27
Spitfire
LF Mk IX
MJ569
Flying Officer
KIA
1945‑03‑11
Spitfire
LF Mk XVI
RK910
Flying Officer
KIA
1944‑08‑26
Spitfire
LF Mk IX
ML308
Pilot Officer
KIA
1943‑10‑22
Spitfire
Mk VI
BR987
Flight Lieutenant
KIA
1944‑06‑25
Spitfire
LF Mk IX
PL275
Flying Officer
KIA
1944‑06‑07
Spitfire
LF Mk IX
NH183
Warrant Officer 1st Class
PoW
1944‑08‑06
Spitfire
LF Mk IX
MK421
Flying Officer
KIA
1943‑08‑09
Spitfire
Mk IX
BS290
Flight Lieutenant
PoW
1944‑05‑19
Spitfire
LF Mk IX
MH714
Flight Lieutenant
KIA
1944‑09‑27
Spitfire
LF Mk IX
MJ146
Leading Aircraftman
Died
1942‑12‑19
 
 
 
Pilot Officer
KIA
1942‑08‑23
Spitfire
Mk Vb
BM589
Flight Lieutenant
KIA
1944‑07‑18
Spitfire
LF Mk IX
MK809
Flight Lieutenant
PoW
1943‑08‑19
Spitfire
Mk IX
MA543
Warrant Officer 2nd Class
KIA
1943‑04‑01
Spitfire
Mk Vb
EP177
Squadron Leader
KIA
1943‑12‑20
Spitfire
Mk IX
MH903
Flying Officer
1954‑01‑10
 
 
 
Flying Officer
PoW
1944‑08‑25
Spitfire
LF Mk IX
MK661
Flight Lieutenant
PoW
1943‑09‑03
Spitfire
Mk IX
MH334
Flight Sergeant
KIA
1942‑09‑29
Spitfire
Mk Vb
BM575
Flying Officer
KIFA
1961‑10‑06
Sabre
6
23541
Captain
KIFA
1973‑10‑23
Starfighter
CF-104
12857
Flying Officer
KIA
1943‑06‑17
Spitfire
Mk IX
BS319
Flying Officer
KIA
1944‑06‑13
Spitfire
LF Mk IX
MK235
Pilot Officer
KIA
1943‑05‑15
Spitfire
Mk Vb
AB973
Flying Officer
PoW
1944‑08‑23
 
 
 
Flying Officer
KIA
1943‑04‑03
Spitfire
Mk Vb
BL658
Flying Officer
KIA
1945‑04‑19
Spitfire
LF Mk XVI
SM242
Captain
KIFA
1977‑03‑04
Starfighter
CF-104D Mk 2
12656
Flying Officer
KIFA
1959‑04‑15
Sabre
6
23449
Flight Lieutenant
KIFA
1965‑02‑08
Starfighter
CF-104
12894
Flying Officer
KIFA
1959‑06‑26
Sabre
6
23380
Flight Lieutenant
KIA
1944‑08‑23
Spitfire
LF Mk IX
MK115
Warrant Officer 2nd Class
KIA
1944‑06‑23
Spitfire
LF Mk IX
NH204
Flight Lieutenant
KIA
1944‑07‑25
Spitfire
LF Mk IX
MK796
Flying Officer
KIA
1944‑12‑03
Spitfire
LF Mk IXb
MK232
Squadron Leader
KIA
1942‑11‑08
Spitfire
Mk Vb
EN779
Flying Officer
KIFA
1957‑03‑14
Sabre
6
23516

© Canadian Warplane Heritage 2024

To search on any page:
PC — Ctrl-F
Mac — ⌘-F
Mobile — or …