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412 "Falcon" Squadron (RCAF)

Promptus Ad Vindictam - King George VI, September 1944
Adopted By: Parkdale Lions Club, Toronto, ON

History of the Squadron during World War II (Aircraft: Spitfire Mks. IIA, VB, IXB, IXE, XVI, XIV)

The squadron was the tenth of the RCAF's squadrons to be formed overseas in WWII. It was the seventh fighter squadron to be so formed. It was established at Digby, Lincolnshire, England on June 30, 1941. John Gillespie Magee, the author of the famous aviation poem “High Flight” was serving with 412 Squadron when he was killed in a mid-air collision in his Spitfire in 1941. The squadron flew Spitfire aircraft in the defence of Great Britain, formed part of the Canadian Kenley Wing within No. 11 Group, Fighter Command. It was re-equipped with the Spitfire lXb in November 1943 and began operating over northern France in preparation for operation Overlord, the D-Day landings. It was during late 1943 that the ace George “Screwball” Beurling scored his last air victory while serving with the squadron. Shortly after D-Day, on June 19, 1944, the squadron moved to France in a fighter and ground support role. It then supported the Allied armies, moving through France, the Belgium, the Netherlands and Germany. It was one of four RCAF day fighter units retained in Germany as part of the British Air Forces of Occupation before being disbanded at Utersen, Germany on March 21, 1946.

In the course of hostilities, the squadron flew 12,761 sorties for the loss of 63 aircraft and 62 pilots, of whom 21 were killed, 14 presumed dead, 11 POW. The squadron claimed 106 enemy aircraft destroyed, 11 probably destroyed and 46 damaged. On the ground, they claimed 282 motor vehicles and 22 locomotives. The squadron had 5 aces (shot down 5 or more enemy aircraft): Flight Lieutenant D.C. Laubman DFC & Bar; Flight Lieutenant W.J. Banks,DFC & Bar; Flying Officer D.R.C. Jamieson DFC & Bar; Flying Officer P.M. Charron; Flight Lieutenant R.I.A. Smith DFC. Overall, the squadron was awarded 7 Bars to DFC, 16 DFCs and 4 MiD. Battle Honours were: Defence of Britain 1941-44, Wikipedia, Kostenuk and Griffin

Maps for Movements of 412 Squadron 1941-46

MAP 1: 412 Squadron Movements 1941-44 (right-click on image to display enlarged in new tab)
MAP 2: 412 Squadron Movements Detail of Map 1
MAP 3: 412 Squadron Movements in Europe 1944-46

412 Squadron History Summary 1941-46

412 Squadron History Summary 1941-46 Page 2

412 Squadron History Summary 1941-46 Page 3

History of the Squadron Post-WWII (Aircraft: CC-117 Falcon, CC-144 Challenger and CC-109 Cosmopolitan)

After the Second World War, Number 12 Communications Flight was reassigned as 412 Squadron on 1 April 1947, and renamed 412 (Composite) Squadron based at Rockcliffe, Ontario . In 1955, the squadron moved to Uplands, Ontario. Upon unification in 1968, 412 Squadron became the VIP squadron for the Canadian Forces based at CFB Uplands and flew the CC-117 Falcon, CC-144 Challenger and CC-109 Cosmopolitan. In the late 1970s a sub-unit was established at CFB Lahr in West Germany; this operation closed in 1993. In 1994, CFB Ottawa (Uplands) closed and 412's fleet was moved to a civilian hangar at Ottawa International Airport. All aircraft are maintained by Transport Canada on behalf of the Canadian Forces. Today, the Squadron performs the VIP and general transport duties with the CC-144 Challenger.

Loading... loading (72) personnel records
Nationality ⬆⬇
Name ⬆⬇
WarStatus ⬆⬇
EventDate ⬆⬇
Aircraft ⬆⬇
 
Serial ⬆⬇
Flight Lieutenant
KIA
1945‑03‑30
Spitfire
LF Mk IX
MJ275
Wing Commander
KIFA
1949‑04‑21
Expeditor
Mk. 3T
1425
Flying Officer
KIA
1944‑11‑19
Spitfire
LF Mk IX
PL159
Sergeant
KIFA
1960‑04‑29
Mitchell
Mk. 3PT / 3ST
5220
Flying Officer
KIA
1944‑07‑02
Spitfire
LF Mk IX
MK199
Pilot Officer
KIA
1942‑08‑19
Spitfire
Mk Vb
EN831
Squadron Leader
KIA
1941‑11‑08
Spitfire
Mk Vb
W3959
Sergeant
KIA
1942‑05‑09
Wellington
Mk. II
W5574
Leading Aircraftman
KIFA
1949‑04‑21
Expeditor
Mk. 3T
1425
Flight Lieutenant
KIA
1944‑11‑19
Spitfire
LF Mk IX
PV245
Lieutenant General
PoW
1942‑07‑26
Spitfire
Mk Vb
BL964
Flight Lieutenant
KIA
1944‑09‑27
Spitfire
LF Mk IX
MJ884
Flight Lieutenant (Acting)
PoW
1943‑11‑29
Spitfire
LF Mk IX
MJ169
Warrant Officer 2nd Class
PoW
1944‑11‑19
Spitfire
LF Mk IX
PL204
Warrant Officer 1st Class
PoW
 
 
 
 
Flying Officer
KIA
1945‑02‑22
Spitfire
LF Mk IX
PL252
Flight Lieutenant
KIA
1944‑05‑10
Spitfire
LF Mk IX
MK853
Pilot Officer
KIA
1941‑11‑08
Spitfire
Mk Vb
W3952
Squadron Leader
1953‑07‑26
 
 
 
Flight Lieutenant
KIA
1945‑01‑01
Spitfire
LF Mk IX
MJ877
Wing Commander
KIFA
1949‑04‑21
Expeditor
Mk. 3T
1425
Flight Lieutenant
KIFA
1960‑04‑29
Mitchell
Mk. 3PT / 3ST
5220
Flight Lieutenant
KIA
1944‑12‑31
Spitfire
LF Mk IX
PT964
Wing Commander
KIA
1943‑01‑17
Spitfire
Mk IX
BS135
Flying Officer
PoW
1944‑12‑05
 
 
 
Flight Sergeant
KIA
1942‑04‑10
Spitfire
Mk Vb
AD305
Sergeant
1963‑12‑26
 
 
 
Flying Officer
KIFA
1949‑04‑21
Expeditor
Mk. 3T
1425
Flying Officer
KIA
1943‑06‑12
Spitfire
Mk Vc
EE720
Flying Officer
KIFA
1960‑04‑29
Mitchell
Mk. 3PT / 3ST
5220
Pilot Officer
KIFA
1941‑08‑31
Spitfire
Mk IIa
P8586
Pilot Officer
KIA
1944‑09‑27
Spitfire
LF Mk IX
NH189
Flying Officer
KIA
1944‑11‑19
Spitfire
LF Mk IX
PL130
Flying Officer
KIA
1943‑05‑07
Spitfire
Mk Vc
EE747
Wing Commander 
Survived
1943‑07‑27
Spitfire
Mk Vb
EN784
Flight Lieutenant
KIA
1944‑03‑04
Spitfire
LF Mk IX
MJ306
Pilot Officer
KIA
1942‑08‑05
Spitfire
Mk Vb
AA868
Warrant Officer 1st Class
KIA
1943‑06‑07
Spitfire
Mk Vb
AA746
Flight Lieutenant
PoW
1944‑05‑10
Spitfire
LF Mk IX
MH617
Pilot Officer
KIA
1944‑06‑17
Spitfire
LF Mk IX
MJ384
Flight Sergeant
KIA
1942‑08‑05
Spitfire
Mk Vb
BL859
Flight Lieutenant
PoW
1945‑01‑20
Spitfire
LF Mk IX
PL186
Pilot Officer
KIA
1941‑12‑11
Spitfire
Mk Vb
AD291
Flight Lieutenant
PoW
1942‑04‑25
Spitfire
Mk Vb
BL784
Flight Sergeant
KIA
1943‑06‑07
Spitfire
Mk Vc
AR521
Flying Officer
PoW
1945‑01‑20
Spitfire
LF Mk IX
PV352
Squadron Leader
KIA
1942‑03‑24
Spitfire
Mk Vb
BL471
Flight Sergeant
KIA
1942‑04‑12
Spitfire
Mk Vb
BL643
Flight Sergeant
KIA
1942‑11‑25
Spitfire
Mk Vb
BL820
Civilian
KIFA
1949‑04‑21
Expeditor
Mk. 3T
1425
Flying Officer
KIA
1942‑12‑12
Spitfire
Mk Vb
BL765
Flight Sergeant
KIA
1941‑11‑08
Spitfire
Mk Vb
AD270
Flight Lieutenant
KIA
1945‑05‑03
Spitfire
LF Mk IX
MK827
Leading Aircraftman
KIFA
1960‑04‑29
Mitchell
Mk. 3PT / 3ST
5220
Flying Officer
KIA
1943‑06‑17
Spitfire
Mk Vc
AR522
Pilot Officer
KIA
1944‑10‑01
Spitfire
LF Mk IX
ML351
Flying Officer
KIA
1943‑11‑29
Spitfire
LF Mk IX
MJ331
Flying Officer
KIA
1944‑08‑12
Spitfire
LF Mk IX
MJ485
Pilot Officer
PoW
1944‑06‑28
Spitfire
LF Mk IX
MH754
Pilot Officer
KIA
1942‑04‑24
Spitfire
Mk Vb
W3900
Sergeant
KIA
1941‑08‑02
Spitfire
Mk Ia
X4176
Pilot Officer
KIA
1942‑11‑28
Spitfire
Mk Vb
AD411
Flight Lieutenant
KIA
1944‑08‑19
Spitfire
LF Mk IX
MJ844
Pilot Officer
KIA
1945‑06‑10
Spitfire
LF Mk XVI
SM414
Flying Officer
PoW
1944‑05‑11
Spitfire
LF Mk IX
MJ136
Flight Lieutenant
KIFA
1949‑04‑21
Expeditor
Mk. 3T
1425
Flying Officer
KIA
1944‑06‑29
Spitfire
LF Mk IX
MH885
Flying Officer 
PoW
1945‑01‑20
 
 
MJ312
Flying Officer
KIA
1942‑07‑19
Spitfire
Mk Vb
BL825
Flight Lieutenant
PoW
1942‑03‑24
Spitfire
Mk Vb
BL245
Pilot Officer
KIA
1944‑08‑25
Spitfire
LF Mk IX
MK576
Flying Officer
KIA
1944‑02‑14
Spitfire
LF Mk IX
MH734

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