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Barnes, Richard Herbert (Flying Officer)

Prisoner of War 1945-01-13

Male Head

Birth Date: 1914-12-21 (age )

Service
RCAF
Unit
429 (B) Sqn- Squadron
Fortunae Nihil (Nothing to chance)
Base
RAF Leeming
Rank
Flying Officer
Marshal
Air Chief MarshalA/C/M
Air MarshalA/M
Air Vice MarshalA/V/M
Air CommodoreA/C
Group CaptainG/C
Wing CommanderW/C
Squadron LeaderS/L
Flight LieutenantF/L
Flying OfficerF/O
Pilot OfficerP/O
Warrant Officer 1st ClassWO1
Warrant Officer 2nd ClassWO2
Flight SergeantFS
SergeantSGT
CorporalCPL
Senior AircraftmanSAC
Leading AircraftmanLAC
Aircraftman 1st ClassAC1
Aircraftman 2nd ClassAC2
Position
Bomb Aimer
Service Numbers
J/36285

Halifax B.Mk.III NR173

Minelaying Flensburg Germany 1945-January-12 to 1945-January-13

429 Bison Squadron (Fortunae Nihil) RAF Leeming. Halifax BIII aircraft NR 173 AL-D was attacked by a night fighter piloted by Hauptman Eduard Schroder of 3/NJG 3 during a GARDENING (mining) operation to Flensburg, Germany on the German/Danish border. The Halifax was badly damaged by the night fighter attack and abandoned by the entire crew before crashing into the sea near Als Island, Denmark

Flight Lieutenant AR Milner (RCAF), Flying Officer RH Barnes (RCAF), Flying Officer HK Frair (RCAF), Pilot Officer HL Johnson (RCAF), Pilot Officer JG Small (RCAF), Pilot Officer OH Sulek (RCAF) and Sergeant K Turner (RAF) survived and all were taken as Prisoners of War. They were sent to Dulag Luft Oberursel near Frankfurt, Germany for interrogation and then to Stalag 13D before finally to Stalag 7A from where they were liberated by advancing American troops 1945-04-29 and returned to England by 1945-05-10

General [Royal Air Force Serial and Image Database]...

General Halifax III NR 173 crashed in the sea east of the island of Als 12/1 1945

Took off from Leeming at 17:18 in Halifax Mk III (Sqn code AL-D Bomber Command) on an GARDENING (mining) operation to Flensburg Germany.

Aircraft was attacked by a night fighter at the German/Danish border. The Halifax was badly damaged by the attack and was abandoned by the entire crew before it crashed into the sea near Als Island, Denmark

Killed: P/O Herbert Lowe RCAF J/93826 KIA Brookwood Military Cemetery grave 55. H. 6.

POWs includes Barnes: F/Sgt James Gordon Small RCAF R/250799 POW camp not listed. F/Sgt Otto Hugo Sulek RCAF R/265007 POP camp not listed. WO1 H L Johnson RCAF R/number POW camp not listed. F/O H K Friar RCAF J/38315 POW camp not listed. F/Lt A R Milner RAF pilot POW camp not listed. Sgt Kenneth Turner RAF POW camp not listed.

General [Royal Air Force Serial and Image Database]...

General Halifax III NR 173 crashed in the sea east of the island of Als 12/1 1945

Crew on Halifax B.Mk.III NR173

Handley Page Halifax

(RAF Photo, 1942)(Source Harold A Skaarup Web Page)A Royal Air Force Handley Page Halifax Mk. II Series I (Serial No. W7676), coded TL-P, of No. 35 Squadron, RAF, based at Linton-on-Ouse, Yorkshire in the UK, being piloted by Flight Lieutenant Reginald Lane, (later Lieutenant-General, RCAF), over the English countryside. Flt Lt Lane and his crew flew twelve operations in W7676, which failed to return from a raid on Nuremberg on the night of 28/29 August 1942, when it was being flown by Flt Sgt D. John and crew.

The Handley Page Halifax is a British Royal Air Force (RAF) four-engined heavy bomber of the Second World War. It was developed by Handley Page to the same specification as the contemporary twin-engine Avro Manchester.

The Halifax has its origins in the twin-engine HP56 proposal of the late 1930s, produced in response to the British Air Ministry's Specification P.13/36 for a capable medium bomber for "world-wide use." The HP56 was ordered as a backup to the Avro 679, both aircraft being designed to use the underperforming Rolls-Royce Vulture engine. The Handley Page design was altered at the Ministry to a four-engine arrangement powered by the Rolls-Royce Merlin engine; the rival Avro 679 was produced as the twin-engine Avro Manchester which, while regarded as unsuccessful mainly due to the Vulture engine, was a direct predecessor of the famed Avro Lancaster. Both the Lancaster and the Halifax would emerge as capable four-engined strategic bombers, thousands of which would be built and operated by the RAF and several other services during the War.

On 25 October 1939, the Halifax performed its maiden flight, and it entered service with the RAF on 13 November 1940. It quickly became a major component of Bomber Command, performing routine strategic bombing missions against the Axis Powers, many of them at night. Arthur Harris, the Air Officer Commanding-in-Chief of Bomber Command, described the Halifax as inferior to the rival Lancaster (in part due to its smaller payload) though this opinion was not shared by many of the crews that flew it, particularly for the MkIII variant. Nevertheless, production of the Halifax continued until April 1945. During their service with Bomber Command, Halifaxes flew a total of 82,773 operations and dropped 224,207 tons of bombs, while 1,833 aircraft were lost. The Halifax was also flown in large numbers by other Allied and Commonwealth nations, such as the Royal Canadian Air Force (RCAF), Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF), Free French Air Force and Polish forces. Wikipedia

YouTube Halifax Heavy Bomber WWII

General Harold A Skaarup Web Page

Wkikpedia Wikipedia Halifax Bomber

Museum National Air Force Museum of Canada

CASPIR Aircraft Groups:
RCAF On Strength (5), RCAF 6 Group (1596), RCAF 400 Squadron (1443), Canadian Aircraft Losses (1562), Canadian Museum(2)
last update: 2023-12-08 20:34:11

Halifax B.Mk.III NR173

ALRAF RoundelD

With No. 429 (B) Squadron, RCAF, coded "AL*Q". Struck by flak while on a mission on 28 October 1944. Landed with damage at Woodbridge, Suffolk. At least one fatality, radio operator Pilot Officer H. Lowe. Was coded "AL*D" when lost on 12 January 1945, during Gardening mission to Flensburg Fjord, Denmark. Damaged by attack from a JU 88G-6 coded D5+AL piloted by Hauptman Eduard Schrder of 3./NJG 3 with the crew of Hessenmller, Zeinert and Brunsendorf. They operated from Fliegerhorst Grove where they had taken off at 20:11 hours and landed back again at 21:57 hours. Attempted to return to UK, but crew ordered to bail out after flaps came fully down. All of crew landed on island of Als and became POW, aircraft came down in sea east of Als.
Unit 429

429 (B) Sqn- Squadron Fortunae Nihil ("Bison")

History of the Squadron during World War II (Aircraft: Wellington III, X, Halifax II, V, III, Lancaster I, III)

No 429 Squadron was the 10th bomber unit and 27th squadron formed by the RCAF overseas in WWII. It was formed in November 1942 at East Moor, Yorkshire, UK as part of No 4 Group of RAF Bomber Command. On April 1, 1943 it became part of No 6 (RCAF) Group at No 62 (RCAF) Base, still remaining at East Moor until August 1943, when it moved to Leeming, Yorkshire as part of no 63 (RCAF) Base: it remained at Leeming until its disbandment in May 1946. It undertook strategic and tactical bombing operations. After the cessation of hostilities in Europe, it remained in England and transferred to No 1 Group, where it was engaged in transporting troops from Italy (Operation DODGE).

The squadron, with squadron code AL, flew Vickers Wellington Mks III and X until August 1943, when it re-equipped with Handley-Page Halifax Mk II, which it flew between August 1943 and January 1944, and Mk V between November 1943 and March 1944. These were superseded by Halifax Mk III aircraft in March 1944. In March 1945, the squadron re-equipped with Lancaster Mk I and III. In summary of its activities, it flew 3221 sorties, including airlifting 1055 PoWs back to England, for the loss of 71 aircraft. 9356 tons of bombs were dropped. The squadron was awarded45 DFCs and 2 Bars to DFC, 1 AFC, 1 CGM and 7 DFMs. Battle Honours were: English Channel and North Sea 1943-45, Baltic 1943-45, Fortress Europe 1943-44, France and Germany 1944-45, Biscay Ports 1943-44, Ruhr 1943-45, Berlin 1943-44, German Ports 1943-45, Normandy 1944, Rhine, Biscay 1943-44. Wikipedia,Moyes, Kostenuk and Griffin

Squadron History (Bomber Command Museum PDF)

Maps for Movements of 429 Squadron 1942-46

MAP 1: 429 Squadron Bases 1942-46 (marked in green). Right-click on image to display enlarged in new tab

429 Squadron History Summary 1942-46

History of the Squadron Post-WWII (Aircraft: Buffalo, Hercules, Globemaster)

The squadron was reactivated at St. Hubert, Quebec on 21 August 1967 as a Tactical Transport Unit. It flew de Havilland CC-15 Buffalo aircraft for the Canadian Forces Mobile Command and was integrated into the Canadian Armed Forces on 1 February 1968. In August 1981 it was renamed 429 Transport Squadron and moved to CFB Winnipeg . The final move was in 1990 to 8 Wing in Trenton, Ontario . The squadron was disbanded in 2005.

Two years later in August 2007, 429 Squadron was again re-activated, this time operating the CC-177 Globemaster III strategic transport aircraft. It used these new aircraft in support of Canada's operations in Afghanistan.

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