Handley Page Halifax
The Handley Page Halifax is a British Royal Air Force (RAF) four-engined heavy bomber of the Second World War. It was developed by Handley Page to the same specification as the contemporary twin-engine Avro Manchester.
The Halifax has its origins in the twin-engine HP56 proposal of the late 1930s, produced in response to the British Air Ministry's Specification P.13/36 for a capable medium bomber for "world-wide use." The HP56 was ordered as a backup to the Avro 679, both aircraft being designed to use the underperforming Rolls-Royce Vulture engine. The Handley Page design was altered at the Ministry to a four-engine arrangement powered by the Rolls-Royce Merlin engine; the rival Avro 679 was produced as the twin-engine Avro Manchester which, while regarded as unsuccessful mainly due to the Vulture engine, was a direct predecessor of the famed Avro Lancaster. Both the Lancaster and the Halifax would emerge as capable four-engined strategic bombers, thousands of which would be built and operated by the RAF and several other services during the War.
On 25 October 1939, the Halifax performed its maiden flight, and it entered service with the RAF on 13 November 1940. It quickly became a major component of Bomber Command, performing routine strategic bombing missions against the Axis Powers, many of them at night. Arthur Harris, the Air Officer Commanding-in-Chief of Bomber Command, described the Halifax as inferior to the rival Lancaster (in part due to its smaller payload) though this opinion was not shared by many of the crews that flew it, particularly for the MkIII variant. Nevertheless, production of the Halifax continued until April 1945. During their service with Bomber Command, Halifaxes flew a total of 82,773 operations and dropped 224,207 tons of bombs, while 1,833 aircraft were lost. The Halifax was also flown in large numbers by other Allied and Commonwealth nations, such as the Royal Canadian Air Force (RCAF), Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF), Free French Air Force and Polish forces. Wikipedia
CASPIR Aircraft Groups:RCAF On Strength (5), RCAF 6 Group (1596), RCAF 400 Squadron (1443), Canadian Aircraft Losses (1562), Canadian Museum(2)
Halifax B.Mk.III NR173
With No. 429 (B) Squadron, RCAF, coded "AL*Q". Struck by flak while on a mission on 28 October 1944. Landed with damage at Woodbridge, Suffolk. At least one fatality, radio operator Pilot Officer H. Lowe. Was coded "AL*D" when lost on 12 January 1945, during Gardening mission to Flensburg Fjord, Denmark. Damaged by attack from a JU 88G-6 coded D5+AL piloted by Hauptman Eduard Schrder of 3./NJG 3 with the crew of Hessenmller, Zeinert and Brunsendorf. They operated from Fliegerhorst Grove where they had taken off at 20:11 hours and landed back again at 21:57 hours. Attempted to return to UK, but crew ordered to bail out after flaps came fully down. All of crew landed on island of Als and became POW, aircraft came down in sea east of Als.