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Brown, Richard (Sergeant)

Evader 1943-March-10

Male Head

Birth Date: unkown date (age unknown)

207 (B) Sqn- Squadron (RAF)
Semper Paratus Always prepared
RAF Langar
Air Chief MarshalA/C/M
Air MarshalA/M
Air Vice MarshalA/V/M
Air CommodoreA/C
Group CaptainG/C
Wing CommanderW/C
Squadron LeaderS/L
Flight LieutenantF/L
Flying OfficerF/O
Pilot OfficerP/O
Warrant Officer 1st ClassWO1
Warrant Officer 2nd ClassWO2
Flight SergeantFS
Senior AircraftmanSAC
Leading AircraftmanLAC
Aircraftman 1st ClassAC1
Aircraftman 2nd ClassAC2
Service Numbers

Lancaster Mk.I W4172

Bombing Munich Germany 1943-March-10 to 1943-March-10

207 (B) Sqn (RAF) RAF Langar

Battle of the Ruhr

264 aircraft - 142 Lancasters, 81 Halifaxes, 41 Stirlings. 8 aircraft - 5 Lancasters, 2 Halifaxes, I Stirling - lost, 3.0 per cent of the force.

The wind caused this raid to be concentrated on the western half of Munich rather than on the centre of the city, but much damage was caused. 291 buildings were destroyed, 660 severely damaged and 2,134 less seriously damaged; these included many public buildings - I I hospitals, the cathedral, 4 churches and 14 'cultural' buildings for example - but also 3 wholesale and 22 retail business premises were completely destroyed and no less than 294 military buildings were hit, including the headquarters of the local Flak brigade, which was burnt out. The most serious industrial damage was at the B.M.W. factory where the aero-engine assembly shop was put out of action for 6 weeks. Many other industrial concerns were hit, including 141 small, back-street-type workshops which were destroyed.

The detailed Munich reports show that 208 people were killed and 425 injured. The dead included: 2 party officials on duty, IO soldiers, I Hitler Youth boy serving at a Flak site, 2 policemen and 4 foreigners. The local Flak fired 14,234 rounds of ammunition - 2,314 of 105 mm, 8,328 of 88 mm, 3,592 of 20 mm - and 7 night fighters were reported as being on duty in the Munich area but only 1 bomber, unidentified because of its explosion in the air, was shot down over the city. source: The Bomber Command War Diaries, Martin Middlebrook and Chris Everitt

Lancaster W4172 was attacked by a Fw190 night-fighter and a JU 88. Shot down by Ofw. Reinhard Kollak of the 7./NJG 4, flying Bf 110 F-4 3C+LR from Juvincourt airfield.and crashed 01:59 10 Mar 1943 near Lavannes (Marne) 12 km NE of Reims France.Having taken off from Langar 2041, 9 Mar 1943 .Both Brown and Brownhill say they were shot down after leaving the target: Brown says "while we were over Saarbrucken one of the engines caught fire and almost immediately afterwards we were attacked by a fighter.". Brownhill says "we were attacked by night fighters and the aircraft was set on fire."

General Royal Air Force Serial and Image Database

General Aviation Safety Network

General Search for France-Crashes 39-45

Following the order to bale out, Sergeant Richard Brown jumped and landed in woods near Avancon, North-East France. After hiding his parachute in a ditch, he began walking. Three days later, avoiding German patrols, and with occasional help from local residents he reached the town of Troyes. From there he caught the Paris-Cologne train, changing at Belfort and, speaking French, had to ask a German for directions to the platform for the train to Baume-les-Dames. He arrived there on the 14th of March and walked to Maiche. He stayed in Maiche for two days and met up with two chaps who had agreed to take him almost into Switzerland. His companions left him about 3 km short of the border. Running and crawling, Sergeant Brown made it over the Swiss border and reached Soubey. He was picked up by Swiss soldiers, treated as a civilian refugee taken to Neufchatel and finally to Berne where he was interrogated and interned, he remained in Switzerland until January 8th, 1944 ., France Crashes 1939-1945

RAF Evaders, The Comprehensive Story of Thousands of Escapers and Their Escape Lines, Western Europe, 1940-1945, pages 106, 218-9, 354

General Escaper List

General MI9 nos 1500 to1999

Google MapMunich Germany

Lancaster W4172

Avro Lancaster

Avro Lancaster Mk. X RCAF Serial FM 213
Canadian Warplane Heritage Museum

The Avro Lancaster is a British Second World War heavy bomber. It was designed and manufactured by Avro as a contemporary of the Handley Page Halifax, both bombers having been developed to the same specification, as well as the Short Stirling, all three aircraft being four-engined heavy bombers adopted by the Royal Air Force (RAF) during the same wartime era.

The Lancaster has its origins in the twin-engine Avro Manchester which had been developed during the late 1930s in response to the Air Ministry Specification P.13/36 for a capable medium bomber for "world-wide use". Originally developed as an evolution of the Manchester (which had proved troublesome in service and was retired in 1942), the Lancaster was designed by Roy Chadwick and powered by four Rolls-Royce Merlins and in one version, Bristol Hercules engines. It first saw service with RAF Bomber Command in 1942 and as the strategic bombing offensive over Europe gathered momentum, it was the main aircraft for the night-time bombing campaigns that followed. As increasing numbers of the type were produced, it became the principal heavy bomber used by the RAF, the Royal Canadian Air Force (RCAF) and squadrons from other Commonwealth and European countries serving within the RAF, overshadowing the Halifax and Stirling. Wikipedia

YouTube Lancaster Bomber

Wkikpedia Wikipedia

General Harold A Skaarup Web Page

CASPIR Aircraft Groups:
RCAF On Strength (234), RCAF 6 Group (5), RCAF 400 Squadron (7), Canadian Aircraft Losses (1732)
last update: 2021-09-18 14:32:33

Lancaster Mk.I W4172


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