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Churchyard, Sydney L ()

Birth Date: 1922-01-01 (age 22)

Born: Brandon, Forest Heath District, Suffolk, England

Frederick Alfred & Susan Churchyard, of Brandon, Suffolk

Home: Brandon, Forest Heath District, Suffolk, England

620 (B) Sqn- Squadron (RAF)
RAF Fairford
Air dispatcher - driver
Service Numbers

Stirling Mk. lV LJ830

Transport 1944-September-21 to 1944-September-21

620 Squadron (Dona ferentes adsumus) RAF Fairford. Stirling IV aircraft LJ 830 went down near Arnhem, Holland while on a re-supply flight during Operation Market Garden. The Stirling crashed at Buunderkamp, Wolfheze, Gelderland, Netherlands, cause of loss unknown

Flying Officer JR Thomas (RCAF) and passenger SL Churchyard (RASC) were killed in action

There may have been a second unidentified RASC (Royal Army Service Corps) also killed in action on Wellington LJ 830

Flight Lieutenant H Bate (RCAF) and Flying Officer HM MacLeod (RCAF) both survived to be taken as Prisoners of War

Flying Officer R Newton (RCAF), Warrant Officer CC King (RAFVR) and Sergeant T Haig (RAFVR) survived, avoiding capture as Evaders

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General 620 Squadron

Took off from Fairford at 12:20 in Stirling Mk IV (Sqn code QS-? Bomber Command) on a re-supply mission in support of Operation Market Garden.

The Stirling crashed at Buunderkamp, Wolfheze, Gelderland, Holland, cause of loss unknown.

Killed: F/O John Russell Thomas RCAF J/29874 KIA Air Gunner Stirling IV LJ830 Ext Link [RCAF] 1944-09-21 620 Sqdn AIR27 Netherlands Oosterbeek War Cemetery Arnhem grave 21. C. 15.

POWs: F/O Harold Bate RCAF J/24015 POW camp not listed. F/O Harold Morris MacLeod RCAF J/24949 POW camp not listed.

Evaders: Sgt T Haig RAF Evader. F/O C C King RAF Evader. F/O R Newton RCAF J/26361 Evader.

Commonwealth War Graves Commission Commonwealth War Graves Commission

Canada Primary Source Library and Archives Canada Service Files (may not exist)

Crew on Stirling Mk. lV LJ830

Short Stirling

Source: Harold A Skaarup Web Page (L. Faux Photos)
In June 1944, this Short S.29 Stirling B Mk. IV (Serial No. LK589), coded V3, RAF, was flown across the Atlantic as part of a navigation training exercise and did a tour of bases in Eastern Canada. It is shown here at Malton, Ontario. It was flown back to the UK after a two-week visit.

The Short Stirling was a British four-engined heavy bomber of the Second World War. It has the distinction of being the first four-engined bomber to be introduced into service with the Royal Air Force (RAF).

The Stirling was designed during the late 1930s by Short Brothers to conform with the requirements laid out in Air Ministry Specification B.12/36. Prior to this, the RAF had been primarily interested in developing increasingly capable twin-engined bombers but had been persuaded to investigate a prospective four-engined bomber as a result of promising foreign developments in the field. Out of the submissions made to the specification Supermarine proposed the Type 317, which was viewed as the favourite, whereas Short's submission, named the S.29, was selected as an alternative. When the preferred Type 317 had to be abandoned, the S.29, which later received the name Stirling, proceeded to production. In early 1941 the Stirling entered squadron service. During its use as a bomber pilots praised the type for its ability to out-turn enemy night fighters and its favourable handling characteristics whereas the altitude ceiling was often a subject of criticism. The Stirling had a relatively brief operational career as a bomber before being relegated to second line duties from late 1943. This was due to the increasing availability of the more capable Handley Page Halifax and Avro Lancaster, which took over the strategic bombing of Germany. Decisions by the Air Ministry on certain performance requirements (most significantly to restrict the wingspan of the aircraft to 100 feet) had played a role in limiting the Stirling's performance; the 100ft limit also affected earlier models of the Halifax (MkI & MkII) though the Lancaster never adhered to it.

During its later service, the Stirling was used for mining German ports; new and converted aircraft also flew as glider tugs and supply aircraft during the Allied invasion of Europe during 1944"“1945. In the aftermath of the Second World War, the type was rapidly withdrawn from RAF service, having been replaced in the transport role by the Avro York, a derivative of the Lancaster that had previously displaced it from the bomber role. A handful of ex-military Stirlings were rebuilt for the civil market. Wikipedia

Wkikpedia Wikipedia Short Stirling

General Harold A Skaarup Web Page

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Canadian Aircraft Losses (395)
last update: 2021-10-15 17:38:33

Stirling Mk. lV LJ830

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