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North, Muriel Almyra (Leading Aircraftwoman)

Killed in Flying Accident 1944-September-08

Birth Date: 1923-January-11 (age 21)

Born: Montreal, Quebec

Daughter of Earl R. North and Jennie North, of Montreal.

Home: Montreal, Quebec

Enlistment: Montreal, Quebec

Enlistment Date: 1943-01-14

13 SFTS- Service Flying Training School
North Battleford, Saskatchewan, Canada
Leading Aircraftwoman
Service Numbers
LAW M.A. North and F/Sgt W. Hashim were both killed when Harvard aircraft 3579 went into a spin and crashed seven miles south of North Battleford.

Canada Primary Source – Service File of War Dead 1939-47

Canada Source Canadian Virtual War Memorial

Commonwealth War Graves Commission Commonwealth War Graves Commission

Canada Primary Source Library and Archives Canada Service Files (may not exist)

Google Map Mount Royal Cemetery, Canada
Sec G943 Grave 430

Crew on Harvard Mk.II 2579

North American Harvard NA-26 NA-44

North American Harvard Mk. IV
Canadian Warplane Heritage Museum

The North American Harvard appeared in 1937, in response to a US Air Corps proposal for an advanced trainer. The first of 50 Harvard Mk. Is ordered by the Canadian Government were delivered to RCAF Sea Island, BC in July 1939. By early 1940, the Mk. II was being assembled in California with an all metal fuselage replacing the original tube and fabric structure. 1200 Mk. IIs were supplied from US sources, until Canadian built Harvards started being produced in 1941.

In August 1938, Noorduyn Aviation of Montreal farsightedly signed an agreement with North American, to build the Harvard under licence. When the British Commonwealth Air Training Plan (BCATP) came into being in December 1939, Noorduyn received its first orders and went on to produce nearly 2800 Harvard Mk. IIBs for the RCAF and the RAF, between 1940 and 1945. In Canada, Harvard Mk. IIBs were used as advanced trainers with the BCATP at fifteen Service Flying Training Schools across the nation. They helped pilots make to the transition from low powered primary trainers, like Fleet Finch or the de Havilland Tiger Moth, to high performance front line fighters such as the Spitfire.

At the end of WW II, although the RCAF retained the Harvard as a trainer, a large number of them were sold off to civilian operators. The RCAF soon regretted this, for by 1949 the Cold War with the Soviet Union was in full swing and the RCAF urgently needed trainers again. 100 T-6J Texans were leased temporarily from the USAF and a further 270 Harvards, the Mk. IV version, were ordered from Canadian Car & Foundry, Thunder Bay. The RCAF used the Harvard Mk. IV for a further fifteen years, before finally retiring it in 1966.

A total of 20,110 Harvards were built between 1938 and 1954, 3,370 of them in Canada. Countless numbers of privately owned Harvards are still flying today.

Canadian Warplane Heritage Museum's Harvard Mk. IV was built by Canadian Car & Foundry, Thunder Bay, Ontario in late 1951. The aircraft saw service at four RCAF flying schools across the nation until it was sold to a civilian owner in 1965. It was the third aircraft to join the Museum after Dennis Bradley, Alan Ness and John Weir donated it in 1973. Canadian Warplane Heritage Museum

YouTube Harvard Advanced Trainer

Wkikpedia Wikipedia Harvard Advanced Trainer

General Harold A Skaarup Web Page

CASPIR Aircraft Groups:
RCAF On Strength (2196), RCAF 400 Squadron (1), Canadian Aircraft Losses (374), RCN On Strength (3)
last update: 2021-10-19 20:12:13

Harvard Mk.II 2579

Category C damage on 3 January 1941, while at No. 4 Service Flying Training School, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan. Also served with No. 37 SFTS at Calgary, Alberta. With No. 13 SFTS at Battleford, Saskatchewan when it crashed seven miles south of main airfield on 8 August 1944. Spun in from low altitude, both occupants killed. Aircraft was being ferried from North Battleford to Hamlin relief field. Accident report suggests pilot was giving unauthorized flight instruction to a LAW passenger at the time of the crash.
1940-09-30 Taken on Strength 2019-08-20
1941-January-03 Accident: 4 Service Flying Training School Loc: Saskatoon Airfield Names: Hawes | Ward
1941-January-19 Accident: 4 Service Flying Training School Loc: Saskatoon Airfield Names: Burns
1941-February-12 Accident: 4 Service Flying Training School Loc: Saskatoon Saskatchewan Names: Cable | Gibbs
1942-June-23 Accident: 32 Service Flying Training School Loc: Main Aerodrome Moose Jaw Names: Martens | Patchett | Unger | Workman
1944-August-05 Accident: 13 Service Flying Training School Loc: Traynor Names: Elsey | Leroue
1944-August-08 Accident: 13 Service Flying Training School Loc: Aerodrome Names: Hashim | North
1944-11-27 Struck off Strength Struck off after crash. 2019-08-20

13 SFTS- Service Flying Training School (13 Service Flying Training School)

Graduates of the EFTS "learn-to-fly" program went on a Service Flying Training School (SFTS) for 16 weeks. For the first 8 weeks the trainee was part of an intermediate training squadron; for the next 6 weeks an advanced training squadron and for the final 2 weeks training was conducted at a Bombing & Gunnery School. The Service schools were military establishments run by the RCAF or the RAF.

There were two different types of Service Flying Training Schools. Trainees in the fighter pilot stream went to an SFTS like No. 14 Aylmer, where they trained in the North American Harvard or North American Yale. Trainees in the bomber, coastal or transport pilot stream went to an SFTS like No. 5 Brantford where they learned multi-engine technique in an Airspeed Oxford, Avro Anson or Cessna Crane.

Class NO13 EFTS

For More Information on RCAF Station St. Hubert see here

  • RCAF Roundel - RCAF Station St Hubert QC

  • General 13 SFTS St Hubert QC History

  • General 13 SFTC Story of Multiple Harvard Accident 1942-06-16

  • 13 SFTS moved to North Battleford Saskatchewan in February 1944

    For More Information on RCAF Station North Battleford see here

  • RCAF Roundel - RCAF Station North Battleford SK

  • RCAF Roundel - Relief Landing Field Hamlin SK

  • RCAF Roundel - Relief Landing Field Brada SK

  • General Brada Relief Field - Air Force Ghosts

  • Museum Saskatchewan Virtual War Memorial - Base History

  • 1941-09-01 Primary Location St Hubert QC Canada Currently site of St Hubert Airport CYHU
    1944-02-25 Primary Location North Battleford SK Canada Current site of North Battleford Airport CYQW
    1944-02-25 Relief Field Hamlin SK Canada Operated as airfield until 2007 now closed
    1944-02-26 Relief Field Brada SK Canada Abandoned returned to agriculture

    Both WW1 and WW2 exapnded the roles of women. Women also continued in traditional roles, those roles were more highly valued.

    1. These videos describe the exapnding role for women in both wars, as well as expand on the tradional roles in war time.

      YouTube Women at War World War 1 (York University 6:44)

      YouTube World War II Women (3:22)

    2. In 1941-1942 the Women's Division was official added to the RCAF. It was mostly a measure to free up man for combat. However many women had very distinguished service records.

      Museum RCAF Women's Division from Juno Beach Centre

      Wkikpedia RCAF Women's Division

      YouTube RCAF Women's Division in Britain (1:43)

      Museum Olive E. Creasor Collection

    3. Web Image
      Elsie MacGill, first women Aerospace Engineer, was also a comic book hero.
      Elsie MacGill, "Queen of the Hurricanes".

      YouTube Queen of the Hurricanes (1:00)

      YouTube Elsie MacGill, Queen of the Hurricanes (5:29)

      Canada Source Roberta Bondar on Elsie MacGill

      Canada Source Elsie MacGill Comic Book story from WW2

    4. Special Military Roles of Women in Canada

      YouTube Canadian Women Codebreakers (11:43)

      YouTube Canadian Women in Air Transport Auxiliary (3:33)

    5. Women Pilots in Canada

      Today woman pilots in Canada are too numerous to mention, but that has not always been the case. These are some of women who pioneered the change in women's roles in flying.

      General Canadian Woman Pilots Through the Years

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