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Hawker Tempest (Canadian: 8 )

Hawker Tempest

Source: Harold A Skaarup Web Page (RAF Photo)
Hawker Tempest Mk. V, RAF (Serial No. NV596)

The Hawker Tempest was a British fighter aircraft primarily used by the Royal Air Force (RAF) in the Second World War. The Tempest, originally known as the Typhoon II, was an improved derivative of the Hawker Typhoon, intended to address the Typhoon's unexpected deterioration in performance at high altitude by replacing its wing with a thinner laminar flow design. Since it had diverged considerably from the Typhoon, it was renamed Tempest. The Tempest emerged as one of the most powerful fighters of World War II and was the fastest single-engine propeller-driven aircraft of the war at low altitude.

Upon entering service in 1944, the Tempest was used as a low-level interceptor, particularly against the V-1 flying bomb threat, and as a ground attack platform, in which it supported major events such as Operation Market Garden. Later, it successfully targeted the rail infrastructure in Germany and Luftwaffe aircraft on the ground, as well as countering such attacks by German fighters. The Tempest was effective in the low-level interception role, including against newly developed jet-propelled aircraft such as the Messerschmitt Me 262.

The further-developed Tempest II did not enter service until after the end of hostilities. It had several improvements, including being tropicalised for combat against Japan in South-East Asia as part of the Commonwealth Tiger Force.

The Tempest was a single engine fighter aircraft that excelled at low-level flight. In service, its primary role soon developed into performing "armed reconnaissance" operations, often deep behind enemy lines. The Tempest was particularly well suited to the role because of its high speed at low to medium altitudes, its long range when equipped with two 45-gallon drop tanks, the good firepower of the four 20mm cannon and the good pilot visibility. The three-piece windscreen and side windows of the Tempest had directly benefited from examination of captured Focke-Wulf Fw 190s, improvements included the careful design and positioning of the frame structure, blind spots being reduced to an absolute minimum. It had a bullet-resistant centre panel made up of two layers, the outer 1.5 in (38 mm) thick and the inner 0.25 in (6.5 mm). Wikipedia

Wkikpedia Wikipedia Hawker Tempest

General Harold A Skaarup Web Page

CASPIR Aircraft Groups:
RCAF On Strength (1), Canadian Aircraft Losses (7)
last update: 2021-09-16 20:27:49

Tempest EJ588


Known Squadron Assignments: ;3

1945-May-12 KIA RAF Flight Lieutenant William Roy Robertson 2021-08-08

Tempest EJ639


Known Squadron Assignments: ;274

1945-January-13 KIA RCAF Flight Lieutenant John Alfred Malloy 2021-08-14

Tempest EJ685


Known Squadron Assignments: ;56

1945-May-12 KIFA RCAF Flight Lieutenant Frederick Wallace Mossing DFC 2021-08-16

Tempest EJ788


Known Squadron Assignments: ;80

1944-December-17 PoW RCAF Flight Lieutenant John Moore Weston 2023-08-17

Tempest EJ845


Known Squadron Assignments: ;56

1945-April-09 KIFA RCAF Flight Lieutenant Ivan Winston Smith 2021-07-26

Tempest EJ867


Known Squadron Assignments: ;56

1945-February-27 KIFA RAFVR Flying Officer Donald Sutherland McGregor 2021-04-17

Tempest NV943


Known Squadron Assignments: ;274

1945-February-28 PoW RCAF Squadron Leader David Charles Fairbanks DFC & Bar(2) 2022-10-21

Tempest NV999

   1946-February-11 Accept from other Air Force received from RAF 2019-08-20
   1946-February-11 Taken on Strength 2022-02-07
   1947-February-18 Struck off Strength 2019-08-20
📙 JA Griffin (2005:Smith, Castle): 1968 589

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